Refillable pH Electrode with Side Arm Construction and BNC Connector - HI1135B
The HI1135B is a glass body, refillable, double junction pH electrode with a BNC connector. This electrode has a double ceramic junction in the outer junction and the pH sensing portion is made with high temperature glass. The HI1135B also features a glass side arm construction that allows for a faster flow rate. This design consideration is ideal for applications in which continuous pH monitoring is essential.
- Refillable Electrode
- Double Junction Design
- Side Arm Construction
Refillable pH Electrode with Side Arm ConstructionHanna Instruments offers a wide variety of pH electrodes that are designed for many different applications. The type of glass used for sensing pH, bulb shape, body material, type of junction, type of reference and electrolyte used are just some of the design considerations. The HI1135B uses high temperature (HT) glass, spherical bulb, glass body, double ceramic frit, double junction and is refillable through the side arm construction with 3.5M KCl.
High-Temperature Glass FormulationThe measurement of pH at very high temperatures is detrimental to the sensitive glass bulb and will shorten the life of it. A pH electrode with general purpose (GP) glass will have a resistance of 100 megaohms at 25°C while the resistance of HT glass is around 400 megaohms at 25°C. As the HI1135B is used at elevated temperatures the resistance decreases to approach that of GP glass. The HI1135B is suitable to use with samples that measure from 0 to 100°C.
Spherical BulbThe spherical bulb is for general purpose use. Other tip shapes include conic for penetration and flat tip for surface measurements.
Glass BodyThe glass body is ideal for laboratory use. The glass is resistant to many harsh chemicals and is easily cleaned. The glass body also allows for a fast transfer of heat to the internal reference electrolyte. The mV generated by the reference cell is temperature dependent. The faster the electrode reaches equilibrium, the steadier the reference potential.
Double Ceramic JunctionThe double ceramic junction allows a faster flow rate of electrolyte from the reference into the solution. A standard pH electrode will use a single ceramic junction that allows for 15 to 20 µL/hour of electrolyte to flow; the HI1135B has two ceramic junctions, providing for 30 to 40 µL/hour of electrolyte to flow. This higher flow rate provides faster electrode response and more stable measurement in viscous solutions or samples of low conductivity, such as pure water, where a long stabilization time is often observed.
Side Arm ConstructionThe HI1135B is a refillable probe via the special sidearm construction. The side arm allows for continuous filling of the electrolyte solution in applications that require constant monitoring. Since it is a double junction pH electrode the fill solution is the HI7082 3.5M KCl. This solution does not contain any silver as with a single junction electrode. The absence of silver will prevent any silver precipitate from forming at the junction surface and clogging it. Clogging of the junction will result in drifty and erratic readings.
BNC ConnectorThe HI1135B uses a BNC connector. This type of connector is universal in that it can be used on any pH meter that has the female BNC probe input. Other types of connectors include DIN, screw type, T-type, and 3.5mm to name a few. These types of connectors tend to be proprietary for a particular type of meter and are not interchangeable.
Conventional electrodes are normally single junction. As depicted by the figure above, these electrodes have only a single junction between the internal reference wire and the external solution. Under adverse conditions, such as high pressure, high temperature, highly acidic or alkaline solutions, the positive flow of the electrolyte through the junction is often reversed resulting in the ingress of sample solution into the reference compartment. If this is left unchecked, the reference electrode can become contaminated, leading to complete electrode failure. Another potential problem with single junction electrodes is the clogging of the junction due to silver chloride (AgCl) precipitation. Silver can be easily precipitate in samples that contain Tris buffer or heavy metals. When the electrolyte solution makes contact with the sample, some AgCl will precipitate on the external face of the junction. The result is drifty readings obtained from the sensor. Hanna’s double junction system, as the name implies, has two junctions, only one of which is in contact with the sample as shown in the figure. Under adverse conditions, the same tendency of sample ingress is evident. However, as the reference electrode system is separated physically from the intermediate electrolyte area, the contamination of the electrode is minimized. The likelihood of clogging of the junction is also reduced with a double junction electrode since the outer reference cell uses a fill solution that is “silver-free”. Since there is no silver present, there is no precipitate that can form to clog the junction.
|Description||refillable, combination pH electrode w/ side arm construction and fast flow rate|
|Junction / Flow Rate||ceramic, double / 30-40 µL/h|
|Max Pressure||3 bar with back pressure|
|Range||pH: 0 to 14|
|Recommended Operating Temperature||0 to 100°C (32 to 212°F) — HT|
|Tip / Shape||spheric (dia: 9.5 mm)|
|Cable||coaxial; 1 m (3.3')|
|Recommended Use||continuous monitoring with remote filling|